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South Sea Pearls

Cultured Pearls with different sizes and colors

Gold silver black white and pink luxury pearls
Physically this is organic gemstone material composed of calcium carbonate in the form of orthorhombic aragonite and trigonal calcite, the protein conchiolin, and water.

The name is derived from the French perle, which in its turn came from the Latin perla; but the precise derivation of this word is unknown; specific gravity: 2.60-2.85; hardness: 3.5-4; cleavage: none: fracture: uneven; tenacity: tough; most beautiful is probably a golden south sea pearl. 
Golden South Sea Cultured Pearl plus Diamond Pendant Necklace
Natural color: white yellow pink reddish greenish bluish brown gray or black; Streak: white; transparency: translucent; Luster: pearly; refractive index: 1.60 (mean). Pearls are products of various bivalve mollusks living in warm subtropical and tropical seas as well as in freshwater streams. The body of these mollusks is protected by a double shell consisting of two halves (valves).

The shell:  is essentially composed of three layers: the outer layer is formed by dark, horn-like conchiolin; the intermediate or prismatic layer, which is the thickest, is formed by extremely tiny columnar crystals of aragonite and calcite bonded with conchiolin; the inner mother-of-pearl (nacre) layer is composed of thin flaky crystals of aragonite bonded with calcium albuminate or conchiolin.
Physical Caracteristics 
Lower-grade pearls usually have less specific gravity; the highest specific gravity (2.84-2.89) has been observed in pink pearls. The hardness of pearls roughly corresponds to that of aragonite; black pearls are the hardest.

Because of their tonal structure pearls have a considerable toughness and are even slightly elastic. Undrilled fresh pearls are quite difficult to break; their internal cohesion is much greater than one would expect on the basis of their chemical composition.
Another very valuable pearl species are Myanmar or Burma "Gold Pearls" from the Myeik  Archipelago . Usual pearl sizes are from 10 mm to 16mm The look marvelous as you ca see the pictures here. The beads are quite rare and seldom spotted outside the country.

Modern pearl jewelry have a tendency to get bigger spheres and a bit more bulky in style naturally if they are genuine it also costs more that is one of the reasons why South Sea Pearls are doing brisk business. It will be almost perfect when this are golden spheres, amazingly they are not as expensive as many buyers think.

 A very valuable pearl species are Myanmar (Burma) "Gold Pearls" from the Myeik Archipelago. Usual sizes are from 10mm to 16mm. They look real marvelous as you can see the picture here. This beads are quite rare and not often spotted outside the country. They also make artificial pearls by processing mother of pearl and some remains when making jewelry with an astonishing outcome.

South sea pearls are cultured pearls raised in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean in a controlled environment and they make beautiful jewelry indeed. This is great luxury usually on a string, several colors are available among them is the classic white, others are black, gold, silver and pink. 
Prices range from a few hundred to thousands of dollars for real high-end products paired with other precious stones such as diamonds. Some come in gold settings others just on the string. They are sought after since a long time, although before the pearl divers brought them to the surface and today it’ a controlled environment they are grown. This pretty spheres come with a perfect surface but also other of not a perfect form are available they are called “baroque pearls”. They are most popular for necklaces, earrings, bracelets and pendants.

At about 1930 divers discovered the Pinctada maxima oyster at the north coast of Australia and other places such as in the Andaman Sea’s Myeik Archipelago where the business was already started before the 17th Century when the local “Sea Gypsies” found them in the seabed and changed them for other goods with Chinese Traders who came to visit regularly long time ago.

This ended when the British conquered this part of the world and started to cheat the natives. They gave them alcohol and opium in exchange and made them addicts to get the balls for almost nothing. It was just the same as they stole the rubies and teak wood from Burma and gave almost nothing in return.

Since naturally grown South Sea Pearls are very rare some companies started to make cultured which actually are even better than the natural ones since they grow in a controlled environment and actually there is no real difference between the two.

Growing experiments started by the end of the 19th century with not much success but in 1954 a Japanese company started to team up in a Joint Venture with a Myanmar (Burmese) government enterprise to give it a try again, that was in the Myeik Archipelago about 600 km north of Phuket Thailand. The problem was that the Japanese mentality was not compatible with ideologically hardened communists who naturally have a different behavior. 

This cooperation went on and off over many years you not successful at all so they split but in the 198x the Burmese started again on their own and after some years produced reasonable products which are almost perfect today. Parallel to these similar operations in Australia, Indonesia, Philippines and elsewhere started. The Philippine South Sea Pearls from around Mindanao and the Myanmar versions are also very pretty.








The Pinctada maxima oyster

It grows to a size of 30cm in diameterWhich is much larger as the Akoya pearl. Currently, sizes between 5mm and 15mm are usual sometimes even up to around 20 mm. Average growth time is up to two years when the nacre gets its silky shine.

Most popular colors are gold, silver, white, light pink and range in between, in Myanmar (Burma) they also produce black and some variants.

About amazing mother of pearl creations, it’s always a mystery how they handle this since the material is not easy to deal with, but after the manufacturing process the items look real good. Usually, they make tableware and boxes from. Just watch the pictures from the shops here.

Pearls from Myanmar, Burma are very rare and a unique souvenir to bring home from your vacation or business trip. You would be surprised how reasonable the prices for beautiful pearls, products, and jewelry are in the Bogyoke Aung San Market in Yangon or Rangoon Myanmar (Burma).
There are beautiful gold pearls, silver pearls, cultured and other natural grown, with a baroque shape and all kind of variants of this precious item of the Andaman Sea.

In the shops, the pearls are often coming in a combination as ethnic jewelry using semi-precious stones for great body decoration but often this jewelry gets too big, bulky and heavy. It might look good on a neck of a fat European or US women. A very attractive idea is to blend it with jade and diamonds, looks real great.

They have pearl jewelry on display such as rings, drops, brooch, earrings, bracelets, necklaces and more. They are made from white balls, large and small, seawater, freshwater and cultured from many countries. Small freshwater pieces are quite cheap but still make beautiful chains in the rose to white color spectrum.

The largest pearl ever found was a rather baroque version in the seabed at Mukluk oyster exploration area northwest of Zadetgyi Island in Kawthaung Township, south of the Myeik or the Mergui Archipelago which is near the southern border from Myanmar to Thailand.

The pretty thing is 6.2 cm in length, 5.3 cm in width and three cm in height, exceeding the measurements of the Hope Pearl recorded as the world's largest in the past. The pearl's weight is 45.06 mommies -local weight- , 845 karats, 169 grams and 929.50 yetis. According to Gemological Institute of America, the Hope Pearl found in about 1800, was 5.71 cm in length and 90 grams in weight.

This south sea pearl was found in an oyster of Pinctada Maxima species


and has a silvery color. "Myanmar Andaman Pearl Co. Ltd". found it on 18 April in the pearl oyster exploration area and handed it over to the State. The company is working under the profit-sharing agreement with the State. It is unique in size, a rare, significant and quality gem.
The balls come in different colors and sizes. Jewelry includes necklaces, earrings, pendants, rings and bracelets this is the right stuff to adorn every woman, it is also perfect as a gift.

Harvesting a natural pinctada maxima oyster in the Myanmar Andaman Sea
Golden pearl are highly sought after
Jewelry Photos
When they are even from the south sea version it becomes "top notch" and jewelry from are like a daydream.  

Harvesting pearls from the wild is singularly unrewarding and cultured pearls have been able to meet the demand for these beautiful natural ornaments.

Cultured pearls have been produced in China for several centuries as now in Japan 
Australia and the Pacific. They are also raised in the warm waters of the Andaman Sea particulary in the Myeik Archipelago in south Myanmar (among other) where they are grown and some natural are still collected by pearl divers.

This
happen around half way down from Yangon to Kawthaung which is the deep south of Myanmar. The spheres along with coral, ruby, diamonds are popular gemstone used with jewelry. 

In both cases the growth is initiated by a tiny implant into the outer zone of the nacre and the cells of the shell will produce a cyst. In nature there are plenty predators continuously attacking and some of them might be able to penetrate the shell, survive and form a little pocket, this is known as a sack and it develops as time passes by cell division and that’s the way the sphere grows. The tissue cells, depending on their stage of growth produce calcium carbonate which penetrates into the inner top of the sack.

Once 
this happens the pebble becomes enclosed in a nacreous coating, this process progresses and maybe after some years, a lucky pearl diver finds a precious oyster.

Some of the most popular pieces of jewelry made from them are necklaces and bracelets.
  1. south sea gold pearls plus diamonds
  2. South sea pearls necklace black gorld white
  3. Drop Shaped South Sea Cultured Pearl Bracelet
  4. gold pearls necklace
  5. Golden South Sea Cultured Pearl & Diamond Loren Pendant Necklace
  6. white and gold pearl necklace
  7. Golden South Sea Cultured Pearl & Diamond Pendant Necklace
  8. Round Freshwater Cultured Pearl
pearl necklace
Cultured and natural pearls

They are basically the same, the only difference is how to implant the object (often a piece of mother of pearl) or is placed by a human into it.

Living creatures such as oysters produce "Golden South Sea Pearls". To form a bead starts when a particle penetrates a marine or freshwater oyster, this can happen naturally or by human manipulation To isolate the intruder it is coated with layers of nacre which is a 
mixture of minerals secreted by the oysters. The sphere is growing and finally forms a round object with different colors. Nacre produces the hue because the thickness of the calcium carbonate layer which is similar to the wavelength of light and varies.

Fierce Competition
Cultured Pearls Photos
Since the Chinese and Korean "never sleep" there is fierce competition.

There are also Tahitian pearls, usually the black ones but they are very expensive, the thing is every time French people are involved prices often grows into unrealistic figures.

Extensive research managed to get this round thing into various color such as purple, gold, silver, black, pink, rose and other.  South Sea Pearls with colors, they are some of the most famous in particular the bigger. All this are genuine and natural because the growing process is always the same, it won’t matter if they are freshwater, saltwater, cultured or whatever it’s still somehow natural not like it is in the diamond business and with other precious stones from the lab.​
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There are almost no natural pearls anymore from the sea-bed
Photos of other beads and balls
Although there is a few pearl diver left off the Arab Peninsular and the Myeik Archipelago in Myanmar they are a total minority.

The way the man-made are grown is just the same as what is called "natural" only the impurity inserted into the oyster is a different one.

This gem is for sure something special since it comes from a living organism. Somehow also unique there is some major players in the freshwater, saltwater, cultured and natural pearl business out of this certain branding was done, especially by Japanese companies, they managed to get Izumi and Akoya pearls a worldwide recognition. They are very good in establishing brands and in the marketing of it afterward, just think about all this electronic and camera giants and they also did it in the jewelry business.
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A very valuable pearl species are Myanmar (Burma) "Gold Pearls" from the Myeik Archipelago. Usual sizes are from 10mm to 16mm. They look real marvelous as you can see the picture here. This beads are quite rare and not often spotted outside the country. They also make artificial pearls by processing mother of pearl and some remains when making jewelry with an astonishing outcome.

South
sea pearls are cultured pearls raised in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean in a controlled environment and they make beautiful jewelry indeed. S
everal colors are available among them is the classic white, others are black gold silver and pink.
 
Prices range from a few hundred to thousands of dollars for real high-end products paired with other precious stones such as diamonds. Some come in gold settings others just on the string. They are sought after since a long time, although before the pearl divers brought them to the surface and today it’ a controlled environment they are grown. This pretty spheres come with a perfect surface but also other of not a perfect form are available they are called “baroque pearls”. They are most popular for necklaces 
earrings bracelets and pendant.
jade pearls ball chains

Myanmar south sea pearls
Photos
The loose south sea pearls shown here are cultured in the Myeik Archipelago in Myanmar.

Colors are white, pink, black, silver and gold. Diameter is up to 15 cm and prices are up to $ 400,- per piece.

Fine necklaces, chokers, rings, ear-clips, and bracelets are made from plus other jewelry. The pearls here are all cultured south sea pearls grown in the Myeik Archipelago in the warm water of the Andaman Sea.

In the area, they had pearl-divers until the 1960 ties but this business is too cumbersome, but even until now the Sea-Gypsies who are living in houseboats and on the islands do the diving but harvesting and health problems make it disappear.
  1. white south sea pearls from Myanmar
  2. attractive dark gray south sea pearls from Myanmar
  3. New white south sea pearls at bogyoke market yangon
  4. multicolored south sea pearls from Myanmar
  5. pretty loose black south sea pearls
  6. loose silver south sea pearls from Myanmar
  7. south sea pearls different colors and sizes
  8. attractive loose golden south sea pearls
Just having a look at this fascinating spheres tells more or less all. The pictures here are from the Bogyoke Aung San Market a major Burmese bazaar in Yangon where they are traded.

They all come from one source a farm between Myeik and Kawthaung. They are raising them since the 198X after they tried in vain for about 20 years together with a Japanese JV (the main reason was, they didn't like each other)This balls grown in the Andaman Sea could be distinguished from natural ones by an X-ray check. They are usually 'pre-formed' because they mostly follow the form of the inserted nucleus.

When the gem is X-rayed it shows a different structure than a natural one. It shows a center without any concentric growth rings, whereas natural ones show a number of concentric growth rings. There are plenty of interesting things to buy at the Bogyoke Market in Yangon, among them pearls in all variants.

Jewelry shops 
do good business inclusive precious stones such as rubies, jade, sapphires, diamonds and all variants of "semi-precious stones" plus native creations of various types. When traveling to Burma a visit to this oriental bazaar is almost mandatory, if you don't you miss out on something.

This is an old fashioned oriental bazaar, somehow a real treasure trove beside of precious stones they also have great ethnic jewelry. Most what you see here on the pictures you can buy there. 

Tags: cultured pearls  south sea pearls  south sea gold pearls



Pearl shop Bogyoke Market




















The beads come in sizes ranging from a mere millimeter to the size of a pigeon's egg, and occasionally even larger. They are sorted by size on pearl sieves, the size being given in the so-called pp value — a figure corresponding to the size of the mesh. Pearl weight is given in grains (1 grain =0.25 carat =0.05 gram). Pearls may be round, drop-shaped, pear-shaped, barrel-shaped, button-shaped (button pearls or boutons) or irregular (baroques) and are valued in that order. Those weighing less than one quarter-grain are known as seed pearls.

The chemical composition and specific gravity of pearls vary and depend on the species of mollusk and the environment. On average pearls contain 73-92 per cent calcium carbonate, 4-6 per cent conchiolin and 2-4 per cent water. Pearls are soluble in weak acid and because human perspiration is slightly acid, pearls should always be wiped clean after wearing to prevent corrosion. The conchiolin layers are also attacked by alkaline lyes.
  







A pearl's color
Photo
The color depends not only on the species of mollusk secreting the pearl but also on the environmental conditions and the composition of the water in which the animal lives.

As an example here are south sea pearls with silver and variants of gold color.

White pearls with a weak bluish tint and cream-white pearls are produced by various pearl oyster species (especially of the genus Pinctada) living in the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf and in the seas surrounding Ceylon. Pinctada margaritifera lives in the waters around Australia and produces silvery white or yellow pearls.

Pearls of a bronze or gun-metal color also the black pearls are found in the Gulf of Mexico and grey and orange pearls come from the coast of California. Pink pearls are produced by a univalve (single-shelled) mollusk called the Great Conch (Strombus gigas) and come from the Caribbean
  1. south sea gold pearls
  2. south sea golden pearls
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  7. south sea silver pearls
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The beads are also found in various species of freshwater clam and mussel, for example Margaritana margaritifera which lives in clean rivers and streams in Europe. The fine color play or iridescent surface sheen shown by pearls and mother-of-pearl is caused by the interference and diffraction of light falling on the thin overlap-ping outer layers of nacreous material.

These surface layers also determine the pearl's characteristic luster and glitter. Best prices are fetched by perfectly spherical pearls with a bright silverish luster and a weak rainbow color play. The pink conch pearls are not nacreous and so do not have the iridescent sheen of true pearls.
Myanmars south sea pearls are of the cultured type produced in the controlled environment of the Myeik Archipelago. They grow to around 15 mm diameter and come in several colors which are silver, white, gold, black, pink and sometimes a bit of a light rose. They are usually sold for between $ 100,- and 200,- per piece.

This are pure luxury item and quite impressive, harmonizing with most dresses, fashion and style. Beside of this parameter the shape can be different too such as baroque, round, oval and everything in between. People love them as necklaces, bracelets and ear-clips.